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Monitoring the condition and use of the Russian language and other languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation

M.A. Marusenko, N.M. Marusenko, T.B. Avlova, A.О. Grebennikov, K.Ch. Kusal
80,00 Р

UDC 81`33

https://doi.org/10.20339/PhS.6-21.032 

 

Marusenko Mikhail A.,

Doctor of Philology, Professor,

Professor of the Romance Philology Department

St. Petersburg State University

e-mail: m.marusenko@spbu.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-0441-7845

Marusenko Natalya M.,

Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor,

Associate Professor of the Russian as a Foreign Language and

Methods of its Teaching Department

St. Petersburg State University

e-mail: n.marusenko@spbu.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-3347-1373

Avlova Tatyana B.,

Candidate of Pedagogy, Associate Professor,

Associate Professor of the Russian as a Foreign Language and

Methods of its Teaching Department

St. Petersburg State University

e-mail: t.avlova@spbu.ru

ORCID: 0000-0003-1790-9889

Grebennikov Alexander O.,

Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor,

Associate Professor of the Structural, Applied and

Mathematical Linguistics Department

St. Petersburg State University

e-mail: a.grebennikov@spbu.ru

ORCID 0000-0003-2856-5049

Kusal Krzysztof,

Doctor of Philologу,

Professor of the Russian Language Department

Humanitarian and Economic Academy (Lodz, Poland)

e-mail: christofor49@mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0003-0409-5396

 

The article outlines the ideology of monitoring the transgenerational transmission of the Russian language and other languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation for the national-territorial subjects of the Russian Federation, emphasizing the importance of data on the number of speakers of a particular language in different age and social cohorts, on their competence levels, on real bilingualism and multilingualism, on language transmission mechanisms from older to younger generations to determine the viability of minority languages and thus to plan measures to save, support and revive them. The provisions of the "Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities" relating to the study of majority and minority languages in the educational systems of multilingual and multinational states are also analyzed, and the leading role of Russian as the national language is shown. Developed a monitoring scenario for transgenerational language transmission (for households), taking into account maximum unification with the program of the General Population Census of the Russian Federation, which was published during the trial census in 2018. The monitoring questions are grouped into three clusters, each of which reflects different aspects of the sociolinguistic situation: the territorial distribution of languages and family relations within the household; the ethnic, socio-age and educational characteristics of the respondent; the linguistic characteristics of the respondent.

Keywords: monitoring, population census, Russian, languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation, transgenerational transmission.

 

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