Your shopping cart is empty.
Log in

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“Jubilee” film adaptation of the trilogy by A.N. Tolstoy’s “The Road to Calvary”

M.A. Litovskaya
80,00 Р

UDC 821.161.1:791

https://doi.org/10.20339/PhS.2-21.069

 

 

Litovskaya Maria A.,

Doctor of Philology, Professor,

Professor of Ural Institute of Hunanites

Eltsyn Ural Federal University,

Professor of the Slavic Languages and Literatures Department

National Chengchi University (Taiwan)

e-mail: marialiter@gmail.com

 

The article considers of film re-adaptations of literary texts dedicated to anniversaries that are endowed with a special ideological significance at the state level. It is shown that for film adaptations literarу texts, recognized by the mass audience and based on ambiguous historical circumstances, are chosen. Functionally “jubilee” adaptations support the memory of an event of national importance in society, inform about the position and its changings about this event of the public authorities, allow to capture public sentiment about the event and explicitly or covertly seek to transform the collective memory. It is proved that although the A.N. Tolstoy’s trilogy meets the needs of the mass audience in the ordering of historical events and its optimistic interpretation, the trilogy’s potential ideological ambiguity gives reasons for regularly updating the interpretation of Russian wars and revolutions of 1910th, correlating it with current political requirements. The film (1957–1959), TV movie (1977) and TV series (2017) based on the trilogy are described in terms of their response to the “state order” and simultaneously manifestations of the crisis state of society during the creation of the films. “Thaw” film adaptation focuses on the productive opportunities offered by revolutionary changes to the country and the person, “stagnant” — on the complexity of the revolutionary cultural project, the implementation of which requires personal super-efforts of its participants, “post-Soviet” — on the futility of revolutionary intervention in society and its tragic consequences for each person.

Keywords: A.N. Tolstoy, the trilogy “The Road to Calvary”, historical mass fiction, “anniversary” film readaptations, “state order”, “social order”.

 

References

1.         Tsimbaev K.N. Fenomen iubileemanii v rossiiskoi obshchestven-noi zhizni kontsa XIX — nachala XX veka // Voprosy istorii. 2005. No. 11. S. 454–484.

2.         Faresov A.I. Aleksandr Sergeevich Pushkin i chestvovanie ego pamiati. St. Petersburg: Tipografiia A.S. Suvorina, 1899. 64 s.

3.         Telegramma Pskovskogo gubernatora K.I. Pashchenko ministru vnutrennikh del I.L. Goremykinu o prazdnovanii 100-letnego iubileia so dnia rozhdeniia A.S. Pushkina v Sviatykh gorakh. 26 maia 1899 g. URL: https://www.prlib.ru/item/335880 (12.01.2020).

4.         Sozdadim khudozhestvennuiu istoricheskuiu literature // Literaturnaia gazeta. 1937, 10 sentiabria.

5.         Vorontsova G.N. Roman A.N. Tolstogo “Khozhdenie po mukam” (1919–1921): tvorcheskaia istoriia i problemy tekstologii / otv. red. N.V. Kornienko. Moscow: IMLI RAN, 2014. 344 s.

6.         Vetkina A. Novoe “Khozhdenie po mukam”: Vmesto Alferovoi — Chipovskaia, a za Lazareva — Merzlikin // Komsomol’skaia pravda. 2016. 2 noiabria. URL: https://www.kp.ru/daily/26603.3/3618035/ (12.01.2020).

7.         Varlamov A.N. Aleksey Tolstoy. Biografiia. Moscow: Eksmo, 2009. 736 s.

8.         Litovskaya M.A. Aristokratiia v demokraticheskie vremena // Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie. 2002. No. 5.

9.         Novodvorskaya V. Zolotaia rybka na posylkakh. Novodvorskaia — ob Aleksee Tolstom // Medved’. 2013.26.06. URL: http://www.medved-maga-zine.ru/articles/Valeriya_Novodvorskaya_ob_Alexee... (12.01.2020).

10.       Tolstoy A.N. Khozhdenie po mukam: trilogiia: v 2 t. Moscow: Amal'teia, 1993.

11.       Fedorov A. Obraz belogo dvizheniia v otechestvennom kinoiskusstve 1940–1950-kh godov. URL: https://www.kino-teatr.ru/kino/art/kino/4068/ (12.01.2020).

12.       Anninskii L. Vasilii Ordynsky prochityvaet Alekseia Tolstogo // Televidenie i radioveshchanie. 1978. No. 1. URL: https://alek-morse.livejournal.com/142640.html (12.01.2020).

13.       “Khozhdenie po mukam”: [press-reliz]. URL: https://ru.kinorium.com/1604345/ (12.01.2020).

14.       “Rifmuetsia s nashim vremenem”: rezhisser “Khozhdeniia po mu-kam” rasskazal o seriale. 26.11.2017. URL: https://www.ntv.ru/novosti/1955480/ (12.01.2020).

15.       Umanskii A. Proitis' po mukam // Skepsis. URL: https://scepsis.net/library/id_3811.html (12.01.2020).

16.       Polinovskaya E. KLIO. 2018.09.18. URL: https://istoriki.su/biblioteka/recenzii/257-novyy-serial-ntv-bezobraznoe... (12.01.2020).

17.       Borodina A. Ot “Idiota” do “Nenast’ia”. Uspekhi i provaly literaturnykh ekranizatsii v rossiiskom teleefire: lektsiia v El’tsin-tsentre, 09.04.2019. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ycur-qoPKjE (12.01.2020).

18.       Croce B. History as the story of liberty. NY: Meridian book, 1955. 333 p.

19.       Demidova O.R. Ekranizatsiia kak variant kul’turnogo perevoda: “Pikovaia dama” po-angliiski // Filologicheskie nauki (Nauchnye doklady vysshei shkoly). 2019. No. 3. S. 108–118. DOI 10.20339/PhS.3-19.108

20.       Saraskina L. Literaturnaia klassika v soblazne ekranizatsii. Moscow: Progress-Traditsiia, 2018. 584 s.

21.       Mildon V.I. Drugoi Laokoon, ili o granitsakh kino i literatury: estetika ekranizatsii. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2007. 223 s.