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A few more words about the chronotope of the poem “Requiem” by A.A. Akhmatova

S.A. Khomyakov
80,00 Р

UDC 82.161.1-1

https://doi.org/10.20339/PhS.2-21.047

 

Khomyakov Sergey А.,

Сandidate of Philology, Senior Lecturer

Evdokimov Moscow Medical and Dental University

e-mail: khomjakov.sergey@mail.ru

 

The article discusses the specifics of artistic time and space of the poem “Requiem” A.A. Akhmatova. The purpose of the work is to identify the features of building artistic time and space in a poem. During the study, textual and hermeneutic methods were applied. The uniqueness of the chronotope lies in the combination of lyrics and epos which operate in their own time and space, as well as in the compositional organization of the poem. Art time, becoming a part of national history, appears unified due to a consistent plot — the time of the narrator appears, and the art space breaks the boundaries of the depicted Leningrad, establishing a certain connection with the image of Petersburg recreated in literature. Akhmatova is working on an urban theme on historical, mythological and cultural levels and creates a new image of the city. The idea of vertical space indicates the motives of the fall and reckoning for it, and divorced bridges are a gap in the inner space of the city, therefore, at the intersection of the forms of vertical and horizontal space, an abyss opens. The Requiem presents cyclic and linear time and closed and open spatial forms. Leningrad turns out to be a point at which time and space are combined in the chronotope of Requiem, and the poem itself, becoming a “Leningrad story”, is a new genre, because the poet’s relations with history as a kind of phenomenon. Time becomes the defining category in the Requiem chronotope, which strives for a new form, because the poem is not based on the usual opposition of various forms of time and space, despite their apparent opposition, but their unity. Time becomes a new form of space as the fourth dimension.

Keywords: poem, “Requiem”, Akhmatova, Petersburg, time, space, chronotope, lyrics, epic.

 

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