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The Crimean war of 1853–1856 in the modern British literature: evolution of the Russian myth

O.A. Moskalenko, A.A. Irkhin
80,00 Р

UDC 821.111(410)-3-042.1:93/94

https://doi.org/10.20339/PhS.3-21.032            

 

Moskalenko Olga A.,

Candidate of Philology, Assistant Professor of the

Theory and Practice of Translation Department

Sevastopol State University

e-mail: kerulen@bk.ru

Irkhin Aleksandr A.,

Doctor of Political Science, Head of the

Political Science and Philosophy Department

Sevastopol State University

e-mail: alex.irhin@mail.ru

 

The article considers the problem of the emergence and development of images of Russia and Russians in the cultural consciousness of Great Britain in the period of the Crimean War of 1853–1856, which played an important role in shaping the national identity of the British through the opposition of “Our” to “Other”. Based on historical and literary analysis, the authors identify the basic components of the myth of Russia and Russians in British literature during the Crimean War: a hostile territory where three very different ethnotypes (Tatars, Cossacks and Russians) exist quite independently, the absolute tyranny of Tzar and the slavish essence of Russians. The created myth of the Crimean War justifies the imperial “moral interventionism” of Great Britain, which implies the protection of the weak from the strong and visually enshrined in the images of the Russian bear. The intensity of the negative assessment of Russia and Russians is dependent on the political situation, nevertheless, Sevastopol stands out in the space of the Russian myth and is represented as topos, which does not receive any negative assessment and evolves to the level of the core of the myth of Russia both past and present.

Keywords: Crimean war, empire, Russian myth, imagology, ethnotype, Great Britain, Russia, media, historical memory.

 

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