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Problems of the interaction of reality and fiction in Russian literature in the 20s of the XX century

J.K. Bakashova
80,00 Р

UDC 821.161.1-3

https://doi.org/10.20339/PhS.1-21.119

 

Bakashova Jyldyz K.,

Doctor of Philology, Professor,

Director of Alykul Osmonov National Library of Kyrgyz Republic

(Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic)

e-mail: j.k.bakashova@gmail.com

ORCID 0000-0002-9031-2651

 

The article is devoted to one of the important problems of literature at the end of the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth century — documentary artistic creation. Writers, and later filmmakers, introduce real materials into their works that create a historical narration. Writers of different creative orientations are united in their attitude to the documentary trend. The article examines the actual problem of using prototypes by Russian writers when they create works of art. The views of Russian writers on the problem of interaction between reality and fiction in their work are considered on the example of the statements of L.N. Tolstoy, N.K. Hudzia, F.M. Dostoevsky, N.V. Gogol, V.G. Belinsky, A. Serafimovich, A. Todorsky, A. Blok. Russian writers believed that artistic truth is inseparable from the truth of life, real reality is the basis that feeds art. But no less significant is the creative understanding of the facts of life. The path from the prototype to the artistic image created by the writer in the work is closely connected with the figurative vision of the world, with generalization and individualization, with the aesthetic comprehension of real facts, there is a dialectical connection between art and life. Adequate reconstruction of events presupposes their aesthetic comprehension by the writer.

Keywords: Russian literature, prototype, prototipika, interaction of reality and fiction in literature.

 

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