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Archetypical metaphor in the political rhetoric context

E.M. Semenova, N.I. Nalyotova, N.N. Efimova
80,00 ₽

UDC 80::32



Semenova Elena M.,

Сandidate of Philology, Associate Professor of the Pedagogy,

Psychology and Translation Studies Department

Saint-Petersburg University of Management Technologies and Economics

ORCID 0000-0001-5923-6032



Nalyotova Natalia I.,

Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor of the Pedagogy,

Psychology and Translation Studies Department

Saint-Petersburg University of Management Technologies and Economics

ORCID 0000-0003-2713-9427



Efimova Nadezhda N.,

Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor

of the Translation and Translatology Department

Irkutsk State University

ORCID 0000-0002-0500-1446



The article discusses various approaches to the study of archetypal metaphors in political discourse. A brief review of the results obtained by linguists in this direction is given. Particular attention is paid to highlighting the main provisions of the theory of the archetypal metaphor of M. Osborne, which are accompanied by the author's comments. The results of the empirical study of the archetypal binary opposition (ABO) LIGHT/DARK, based on the material of modern American political media discourse, are presented for consideration. The mechanism of actualizing the speech-acting potential of metaphorical images within the framework of the cognitive-discursive paradigm is described. The existence of the correlation between the methods of influencing on information recipients and the cognitive characteristics of ABO LIGHT/DARK is proved. The description of four ways of influencing on public consciousness is presented: emotional, referential, appellative and mental. The characteristic to the corresponding methods of manipulative impact on the audience is given. The correlation of these methods and techniques with cognitive characteristics of archetypal concepts and their metaphorical representatives is revealed.

The relevance and novelty of this approach lies in the fact that it allows not only to ascertain the presence of an acting potential of the archetypal metaphor, but also explains the cognitive mechanism that ensures its manipulative influence on the mass consciousness of the target audience made by the author of political discourse.

Keywords: archetypal image, archetypal metaphor, cognitive-discursive paradigm, political discourse, speech acting potential.



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