Your shopping cart is empty.
Log in

Archetypical place and the role of the epic “Manas” in the Altai civilization

J.K. Bakashova
80,00 ₽

UDC 398=512.154:82.1


Bakashova Jyldyz K.,

Doctor of Philology, Professor,

Member of the National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic,

Director of the National History Museum of the Kyrgyz Republic

ORCID: 0000-0002-9031-2651



The article focuses on the concept of Altai civilization, determines the place of the epic “Manas” in it, analyzes and compares individual communities, consonances, similarities in the epics of the peoples included in the Altai-Turkic world “Oguz name”, “Korkut-Ata”, “Uraal Baatyr”, “Nurgun Baatyr”. Thoughts are expressed and argued that all these similarities did not arise suddenly, but have common roots. The era of the creation of the epic “Manas”, its volume and artistic and aesthetic qualities, most importantly, the key philosophy that calls kindred peoples to unity and harmony contain a strong integration value. From this point of view, the epic “Manas” has become an archetype not only of the folklore of Altai-Ala-Too, but also of the Altai civilization as a whole.

Keywords: Altai-Ala-Too, civilization, Orkhon-Yenisei, folklore, “Manas”, “Korkut-Ata”, “Nyurgun Baatyr”, epic, metaphor, Abramzon, Kultegin, related, variant, manaschy, Sagymbai, Zhusup Mamai, Central Asia.



1.         Turgunaliev T. Drevniaia kyrgyzskaia kochevaia tsivilizatsiia: (po eposu “Manas”). Bishkek: Turar, 2016. 408 s.

2.         Toynbee A. Tsivilizatsiia pered sudom istorii. Moscow: Airis-Press, 2003. 592 s.

3.         Fortunatov V.V. Istoriia mirovykh tsivilizatsii. St. Petersburg, 2012. 528 s.

4.         Berdibaev R. Sarkylsmas kazyna. Almaty: Mektep, 1983. 248 s.

5.         Abramzon S.M. Kirgizy i ikh etnogeneticheskie i istoriko-kul’turnye sviazi. Frunze: Kyrgyzstan, 1990. 480 s.

6.         Mamyrov M.Ch. Istoriia formirovaniia eposa “Manas”. Bishkek: Biiiktik, 2005. 272 s.

7.         Margulan E. Starinnye pesni i legendy: nauch.-issled. st. Almaty: Zhazushy, 1985. 368 s.

8.         “Manas”: geroicheskii epos kyrgyzskogo naroda. Moscow: Nauka, 1988. 688 s.