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“On seeds and dust”: anthology “Perevaltsy” (1930) as a stage and final collective edition

U.Yu. Verina, A. Ovcharenko

UDC 82-94


Verina Ulyana Yu.,

Doctor of Philology,

Associate Professor of the History of Belarusian Literature Department

Belarusian State University


Ovcharenko Alexey Yu.,

Doctor of Philology,

Associate Professor of the Institute of Russian Language

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia



The anthology published by the “Pereval” group in 1930 is considered in the article in several aspects: in comparison with the collective editions of other literary groups (magazines, collections, almanacs); in comparison with the collections “Pereval” (1923–1928) and “Rovesniki” (1930–1932), and also as an over-text unity. The article reveals the difference between the publishing policy of “Pereval” and the publication strategy of other literary associations. Perevaltsy did not have their own magazine, at the initial stage they were published in the magazine “Krasnaya Nov”, and subsequently “Pereval” annually published collective volumes, which determined the creative program of the group. The concept of collections changed in the direction of greater artistic integrity and reducing the number of authors. The correlation between poetry and prose was also different. In the first, “mass” collections poetry prevailed, but in the third collection of 1925 a three-part structure stood out, prose prevailed, and a section of literary criticism appeared. In 1930, “Pereval” began to claim the status of a literary school, formed on the basis of general philosophical and aesthetic principles. The declaration was formulated by A. Lezhnev in the preface to the collection, which was published under a new title — “Rovesniki”. The structure of the anthology published in the same year testifies the intention to confirm this status. It includes the most representative works for each author, which characterize the individual manner and correspond to the program principles of the “Pereval” group. The preface speaks about a generation, the “children of the age”, between the past and the future. Many plots and motifs of the anthology’s works overlap with the program preface and among themselves, forming an over-text unity. The anthology was conceived as a stage collective book, but became the final book because the “Pereval”, like other literary groups, ceased to exist in 1932.

Keywords: anthology, collective edition, Commonwealth of Writers of the Revolution “Pereval”, Russian literature of the 1920–1930s.



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