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Structural aspect of the locus of the deity Urung Aiyy Toyon of the Yakut pantheon (on the material of the epos olonkho)

M.T. Satanar
80,00 Р

 

Satanar Marianna T.,

Head Sector “Olonkho and Eposes of the Peoples of the World”, Olonkho Research Institute, Master of Folk Art and Culture, Candidate of the Folklore and Culture of the Peoples of the North-East Department

Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University

e-mail: satanar68@mail.ru

 

During the change of the paradigm of development of science towards the formation of a different worldview of the modern scientific picture of the world, accompanied both by humanization and natural science humanitarization, and expansion of the basic fundamentals of scientific and rational construction of humanities. It is timely to analyze the epic locus of the head of the pantheon of Sakha ancestors — Urung Aiyy Toyon perspective of the natural science picture of the world. The article reveals the key importance of the ordering factor of the geometric model in the reconstruction of the structural frame of the pantheon of deities, and then an attempt is made to establish the location of the head of the Yakut Olympus. Their definitions will serve as the first step for a more efficient use of actual material available to date, replete with fragments of informative data. The study is based on the structural-semiotic approach of E.M. Meletinsky, the concept of the synthesis of sciences V.S. Stepin, some statements on the problems of scientific rationality in the humanities of S.P. Kurdyumov, on the semiotics of geometric symbolism in the myths of V.N. Toporov, systemic M.S. Kagan’s approach. In addition to the well-known methods of folklore, methods of extrapolation, empathy, hermeneutical interpretation are used. As a result of interdisciplinary research, the geometric model of the universe of the Yakut worldview is a pyramid-shaped structure, and in accordance with the physical theory of the unified field of the Universe, the patriarch Urung Aiyy Toyon’s locus is located in the upper part of the pyramid, which is confirmed by the revelation of the essence of the numerical symbolism of this deity.

Keywords: mythology, olonkho, Urung Aiyy Toyon, structure, locus, numbers, geometric shape, pyramid.

 

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The study was carried out as part of the research project of the NEFU “Heroic epics of the Turkic-Mongolian

peoples of Eurasia: problems and prospects for comparative study”.