Your shopping cart is empty.
Log in

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Библиотека журнала      
"Филологические науки"

 

Все подробности в разделе
"Книжная полка"

 

 

 

“Model of the world” of abaasa’s celestial monsters in the Yakut heroic epic olonkho

G.E. Savvinova, E.E. Zhirkova
80,00 Р

https://doi.org/10.20339/PhS.4-19.091

 

Savvinova Gulnara Е.,

Candidate of Philologу, Assistant Professor

of  the Cultural Studies Department, Head of the Sector “Language of Epic”

of Scientific Research Institute of Olonkho

Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University

E-mail: savgul6767@mail.ru

 

Zhirkova Eugenia E. ,

Head of the Sector “Epic and Ethnic History”

of Scientific Research Institute of Olonkho

Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University

E-mail: jenyasyr@mail.ru

 

The article attempts to consider the “model of the world” of the celestial evil monsters-abaasy in the Yakut heroic epic olonkho as one of the key concepts of epic culture. To analyze the structure of the “model of the world” of the celestial abaasy, the texts of the olonkho central, Vilyui and northern districts were used, which helped to reveal their local features. The “model of the world” of celestial abaasy is revealed from the functions — the image and method of their action based on the degree of participation in the development of the plot of the Yakut olonkho. Some of the celestial abaasy have a double function: on the one hand, it can act as the head of the abaasy deities of the Upper world, on the other hand, according to myths, it was he who gave fire to people, which often makes it difficult to determine his place in the Celestial pantheon. As a result of the analysis, it was revealed that celestial abaasy inhabit the edges of the lower “tiers” in the northern, southern and western parts of the sky. Thus, we conclude that the concept of the sky in the epic picture of the world, sky is the dwelling place not only of the divine (hallaan tangarata — heavenly god) and demonic forces (hallaan abaahyta — heavenly demons).

Keywords: olonkho, narrator, pantheon, celestials, abaasy, monsters, demonology, Upper world, мodel of the world.

 

References

1. Ergis G.U. Ocherki po Iakutskomu fol’kloru. M.: Nauka, 1974. 402 s.

2. Pukhov I.V. Geroicheskii epos altae-saianskikh narodov i iakutskie olonkho. Iakutsk: Izd-vo SO RAN, 2004. 328 s.

3. Pukhov I.V. Iakutskii geroicheskii epos olonkho. Osnovnye obrazy. Moscow: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1962. 256 s.

4. Emel’ianov N.V. Siuzhety olonkho o rodonachal’nikakh plemeni. Moscow: Nauka, 1990. 207 s.

5. Emel’ianov N.V. Siuzhety olonkho o zashchitnikakh plemeni. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2000. 192 s.

6. Emel’ianov N.V. Siuzhety rannikh tipov iakutskikh olonkho. Moscow: Nauka, 1983. 246 s.

7. Emel’ianov N.V. Siuzhety iakutskikh olonkho. Moscow: Nauka, 1980. 375 s.

8. Kuz’mina A.A. Olonkho Viliuiskogo regiona: bytovanie, siuzhetno-kompozitsionnaia struktura, obrazy. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2014. 160 s.

9. Orosina N.A. Tattinskaia lokal'naia traditsiia iakutskogo eposa olonkho: formy bytovaniia, osnovnye obrazy i motivy: Avtoref. dis. … kand. filol. nauk. Iakutsk, 2015. 25 s.

10. Pavlova O.K. Obrazy bogatyrei abaasy kak protivnikov glavnykh geroev (na primere olonkho severo-vostochnoi traditsii iakutov) // Vestnik Severo-Vostochnogo federal'nogo universiteta im. M.K. Ammosova. 2018. No. 3 (65). S. 112–118.

11. Egorova L.I. Strukturno-funktsional’nyi analiz panteona predkov sakha // Vestnik Buriatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2011. No. 14. S. 194–201.

12. Meletinskii E.M. Poetika mifa. Moscow: Nauka, 1976. 407 s.

13. Khangalov M.I. Sobranie sochinenii: v 3 t. T. 1. Ulan-Ude: Resp. tip., 2004. 507 s.

14. Ulanov A.I. K kharakteristike geroicheskogo eposa buriat. Ulan-Ude, 1957. 171 s.

15. Sidorov E.S. Iakutskie leksicheskie skhozhdeniia. Iakutsk: IaGU im. M.K. Ammosova, 2003. Vyp. 3. 200 s.

16. Gogolev A.I. Istoki mifologii i traditsionnyi kalendar' iakutov. Iakutsk: Izd-vo IaGU, 2002. 104 s.

17. Kul’t Neba: istoki i traditsii (na materiale tekstov olonkho i leksiki sakha). Iakutsk: Izd. dom SVFU, 2012. 116 s.

18. Pekarskii E.K. Slovar’ iakutskogo iazyka. Moscow: AN SSSR, 1959. T. 3. 3858 stlb.

19. Sravnitel’no-istoricheskaia grammatika tiurkskikh iazykov. Leksika. 2-e izd., dop. / red. E.A. Potseluevskii; otv. red. E.R. Tenishev. Moscow: Nauka, 2001. 822 s.

20. Kuruubai Khaannaakh Kulun Kullustuur. Iakutskoe olonkho / skazitel' I.G. Timofeev-Teploukhov. Moscow: Nauka, 1985. 608 s.

21. Vasil’ev V.E. G.F. Miller i iakutskii shamanism // Rossiia – Germaniia: istoriko-kul’turnye kontakty: materialy Mezhdunar. nauch. konf., posviashchennoi 300-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia G.F. Millera. Iakutsk, 2006. S. 89–98.

22. Kulakovskii A.E. Nauchnye trudy. Iakutsk: Kn. izd-vo, 1979. 484 s.

23. Sidorov E.S. Iakutskie leksicheskie skhozhdeniia. Iakutsk: IaGU im. M.K. Ammosova, 1997. Vyp. 1. 157 s.

24. Gogolev A.I. Epiko-mifologicheskii mir sakha // Iazyk – mif – kul’tura narodov Sibiri. Iakutsk, 1996. S. 10–22.

25. Sidorov E.S. Iakutskie leksicheskie skhozhdeniia. Iakutsk: IaGU im. M.K. Ammosova, 2001. Vyp. 2. 134 s.

26. Seroshevskii V.L. Iakuty. Opyt etnograficheskogo issledovaniia. Izd.2-e. M., 1993. 736 s.

27. Devushka-bogatyr’ Dzhyrybyna Dzhyrylyatta / P.P. Iadrikhinskii-Bed’eele. Iakutsk: Saidam, 2011. 448 s.

28. Gekman L.P. Teogonicheskie geneologii kak personosfera traditsionnoi kul’tury (opyt sotsiokul’turnoi interpretatsii) // Mir nauki, kul’tury, obrazovaniia. 2007. No. 4 (7). S. 51–54.

29. N’urgun Bootur Stremitel’nyi / tekst K.G. Orosina. Iakutsk: IakGIZ, 1947. 409 s.

30. Mifologicheskii slovar’ / gl. red. E.M. Meletinskii. Moscow: Sovetskaia entsiklopediia, 1990. 672 s.

31. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie. 1900. No. 3–4. S. 172.

32. Gogolev A.I. Traditsionnye religioznye vozzreniia iakutov v XVIII–XIX vv. // Nauka i obrazovanie. 2014. № 3 (75). S. 24–29.

33. Bol’shoi tolkovyi slovar’ iakutskogo iazyka / pod red. P.A. Sleptsova. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2012. T. IX. 630 s.

34. Alekseev N.A. Traditsionnye religioznye verovaniia iakutov v XIX –nachale XX veka. Novosibirsk: Nauka 1975. 198 s.

35. Sleptsov P.A. Iakutskii literaturnyi iazyk: Formirovanie i razvitie obshchenatsional’nykh norm. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1990. 277 s.

36. Sleptsov P.A. Iazyk olonkho: leksika, semantika // Iakutskii iazyk: leksikologiia, leksikografiia. Iakutsk: IaNTs SO AN SSSR, 1989. 114 s.