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Turgenev’s tradition in the book by E.M. de Vogüé “Russian hearts”

V.P. Trykov
80,00 ₽


Trykov Valery P.,

Doctor of Philology, Professor,

Professor of the World Literature Department

Moscow State Pedagogical University



This article deals with the problem of influence Turgenev’s creativity on interpretation of “Russian theme” in the book stories of the French writer Eugène-Melchior de Vogüé (1848‒1910) “Russian hearts” (1893), not entirely in Russian published and not made the subject of study in Russian literature. “Russian hearts” presented as an artistic representation of some of the ideas contained in the famous book “Russian novel” by Vogüé. Turgenev’s tradition traced as the meaningful level “Russian hearts” and at the level of the poetic of the book. Themes of bureaucratic arbitrariness, tyranny of landlords, nihilism as a spiritual disease of Russian society, setting the truthful picture of Russian life, the image of the Narrator-Hunter, literary types of “superfluous man”, pure and selfless a young woman working for the public good, Russian peasants, hiding under the ordinary appearance of rich life hearts capable of unpredictable, noble deeds, sacrifice, skill landscape sketching in “Russian hearts” — all this makes Vogüé a successor of Turgenev’s tradition. However, the article shows how this tradition transformed into book Vogüé influenced by his “neomysticism” and the concept of the “Russian soul”. Vogüé accentuates motif of musicality of the Russians, their melancholy, despair, that becomes a manifestation of the main properties of the “Russian soul”, which is considered by Vogüé “mysticism”, understood as “a taste for the absolute”, the predominance of irrational in Russian psychotype. Concludes with the thesis about the influence of literature on the formation of image of Russia in “Russian hearts”.

Keywords: tradition, “neomysticism”, “Catholic revival”, “Russian soul”, nihilism, “mysticism”.



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