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Literary Laughter in the Creative Work of Jalil Mammedguluzadeh and O. Henry

A.A. Musayeva
80,00 Р

 

https://doi.org/10.20339/PhS.6-17.093

 

Musayeva Ayten Ayat,

PhD student at The Azerbaijan University, Baku, Azerbaijan

e-mail: ayten_musa@mail.ru

 

The article is about the satire and humor on the beginning of XX century and their critical targets on the bases of the short stories by Jalil Mammedguluzadeh who has a great place in Azerbaijan Literature and by O. Henry who differs for his style in American Literature. The objective reason why XX century Azerbaijan sharp satire was powerful is the progress of “Molla Nesreddin”, but subjective reason is appearing the exceptionally talented masters like Jalil Mammedguluzadeh. The targets of Mirze Jalil’s satire struggling to get the people away from oppression, captivity, ignorance, to give them a new life- freedom, progress was strict problems like religious fanatism, ignorance, illiteracy procreated by religion, women having no rights, women’s position in society and family. But the targets of American laughter were bribery, pilferage, hypocrisy, lie, selfishness and so on. In the article it is said misfortunes in Azerbaijan society are mainly criticized satirically in Jalil Mammedguluzadeh’s stories, but bad behaviours, ill manners in American society unmasked using humour by O. Henry and the attention is drawn to the main aims of the stories written in this style.

Keywords: realistic tendencies, satire, the goals of the laughter, religious fanaticism, literary heritage, short story genre.

 

References

 

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