Корзина пуста.

Problems connected with learning National languages as viewed by students and their parents

N.L. Smakotina, N.V. Melnikova
80,00 ₽

UDC 82`27



Smakotina Natalia Leonovna,

Doctor of Sociology), Professor, Head of the Global Social Studies and Youth Studies Department

Lomonosov Moscow State University

e-mail: smakotina@mail.ru

Melnikova Nadezhda Vladimirovna,

Candidate of Рhilology, Associate Professor of the Global Communications Department

Lomonosov Moscow State University

e-mail: melnikova_nadya@mail.ru


The article is devoted to the problems of learning national languages in general education (comprehensive) institutions of the republics of the Russian Federation as viewed by parents and students, according to a survey in the republics of North Ossetia — Alania and Tatarstan. Taking into account the possibility of studying the national language at schools, discussions about the scope of its use have taken place. The search for answers to questions that have arisen led to an understanding of the specifics of learning national languages in the republics of Russia in the maximum number of possible aspects. It was important to understand how the process of teaching the mother togue is carried out. The study is aimed at identifying problems in the study of national languages, civic and ethnocultural education and the teaching of the mother tongue in general educational (comprehensive) institutions. The article examines educational organizations of basic general and secondary general (comprehensive) education and the corresponding educational standards, according to which the learning of national languages is carried out. It was important to identify the problems of learning national languages as viewed by students in basic general and secondary general education institutions and their parents. The authors tried to find out whether there is a way of learning the national language that would be suitable for everyone. It is also important to understand whether there is a difference in the attitude towards learning the national language at school among those who speak this language as their mother tongue and those who do not. The idea mentioned above also became the purpose of the study. The findings let the authors to conclude that parents with a strong sense of ethnic identity were interested in their children speaking their mother tongue, while the children themselves showed little interest in learning it.

Keywords: national language, ethnocultural education, national culture.



1.         Afanasyeva A.B. Ethnocultural education: essence, structure of content, improvement problems // Problems of Pedagogy and Ethics. 2009. No. 3.

2.         Vlasova T.A. Parents’ assessment of teaching practices of the Udmurt language // Bulletin of the Udmurt University. Sociology. Political science. International relationships. 2017. Vol. 1, No. 1. P. 35–47.

3.         Istomina O.B. National culture: ways of its conservation in the context of globalization // Humanitarian vector. Series: Pedagogy, Psychology. 2011. P. 36–37.

4.         The Constitution of the Russian Federation: adopted by a nationwide vote on December 12, 1993: rev. on December 30, 2008, February 5, July 21, 2014. Ch. 3 “Federal structure”, Art. 68. URL: http://www.constitution.ru/10003000/10003000-5.htm (11.14.2019).

5.         Cultural complexity of modern nations. V.A. Tishkov, E.I. Filippova (eds.); N.N. Miklouho-Maclay Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Moscow: Political encyclopedia, 2016. 384 p.

6.         Tishkov V.A., Stepanov V.V. Interethnic relations and ethnocultural education in Russia // Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2017. Vol. 87, No. 10. P. 879–890.

7.         Federal Law “On Education in the Russian Federation” No. 273-FZ: December 29, 2012: rev. on December 25, 2018. Art. 23 “Types of educational organizations”. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_140174/4e51c3c75451286825... (12.01.2019).

8.         Federal state educational standard of basic general education (5–9 grades): Decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia, December 17, 2010 N 1897: rev. on December 29, 2014, No. 1644. URL: https://fgos.ru (14.08.2019).

9.         Federal state educational standard of secondary general education (10–11 grades): Decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia of 05/17/2012 No. 413: rev. on 06/29/2017 No. 613. URL: http: //classinform.ru/fgos/1.4-srednee-obshchee-obrazovanie-10-11-class.html (14.08.2019).

10.       Branch A.J. Promoting ethnic identity development while teaching subject matter content: A model of ethnic identity exploration in education // Teaching and Teacher Education. 2020. Vol. 87. P. 1–11.

11.       The Teaching of Regional or Minority Languages in Schools in Europe: Eurydice Report / European Commission; EACEA; Eurydice. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2019. URL: https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/sites/eurydice/fil... .

12.       Ortega L. The study of heritage language development from a bilingualism and social justice perspective // Journal of Research in Language Studies. 2020. Vol. 70. P. 15–53.

13.       The little kids down the hall: Associations between school climate, pre-K classroom quality, and pre-K children’s gains in receptive vocabulary and executive function / Rochestera S.E., Weiland C., Unterman R., McCormick M. // Early Childhood Research Quarterly. 2019. Vol. 48. P. 84–97. URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq. 2019.02.008.

14.       Satar M. L1 for social presence in videoconferencing: A social semiotic account // Language Learning & Technology. 2020. Vol. 24 (1). P. 129–153. URL: https://doi.org/10125/44713.

15.       Language intervention research in early childhood care and education: A systematic survey of the literature / D. Walker, S. Sepulveda, E. Hoff et al. // Early Childhood Research Quarterly. 2020. Vol. 50, Part 1. P. 68–85. URL:


16.       Yahya Z., Ibrahim N., Ramli R. Your language my culture: Developing a local-culture ELT matrix for schools in Terengganu, Malaysia // Kajian Malaysia. 2017. Vol. 35, Iss. 2. P. 39–66. URL: https://doi.org/10.21315/km2017.35.2.


The article was prepared with the support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant No.19-014-00001).