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"Филологические науки"

 

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D.S. Merezhkovsky’s “Non-war diary”: from war to revolution (questions of textology and reception)

A.A. Kholikov
80,00 Р

 

https://doi.org/10.20339/PhS.5-20.111  

 

Kholikov Alexey A.,

Doctor of Philology, Associate Professor,

Associate Professor of the Theory of Literature Department

Lomonosov Moscow State University,

Leading Researcher of Gorky Institute of World Literature of

Russian Academy of Sciences

e-mail: aakholikov@gmail.com

 

The author of the article for the first time produces a detailed textual analysis of the collection of D.S. Merezhkovsky “Non-war diary. 1914–1916” (1917), relying on materials scattered throughout the newspaper and magazine periodicals and anthologies of World War I, which were not predominantly republished and still remained unknown even to specialists. As a result, information about the first publications of articles composing the “Non-War Diary. 1914–1916”, the mistakes and inaccuracies of commentators who reprinted this book in the post-Soviet years are corrected. In addition, with the help of rare sources reprints of individual articles that are included in this collection are identified. The changes that the majority of Merezhkovsky’s texts of 1914–1916 underwent were explained not only by the intervention of the censorship department, which had resumed its activity during the war, but also by the author’s editing, which was creative in nature. This article restores and comments on the most acute passages that were seized upon publication. Archival documents (RGALI) are involved, the value of which is determined by the tasks of both textology and interpretive poetics. An analysis of the corrections made by the writer during the compilation of the collection made it possible to establish several types of corrections (from purely technical to stylistic and informative, each of which is characterized), but most importantly, it helped illustrate the transformations in the author’s views that occurred from 1914 to 1917. In conclusion, the responses of contemporaries of Merezhkovsky to the articles composing his book were systematized for the first time, and a new hypothesis was formulated explaining the choice of title — “Non-War Diary”.

Keywords: textology, literary criticism, journalism, “Non-War Diary. 1914–1916”, D.S. Merezhkovsky, Decembrists, World War I, intelligentsia, revolution, nationalism, religion.

 

 

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