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Native languages of the USA: terminological and legislative aspects

T.G. Borgoiakova
80,00 ₽


Borgoiakova Tamara G.,

Dr. Sci. in Philology, professor,

Head of the Research Institute of Humanities and Sayano-Altay Turkology and a professor at the Katanov Khakass State University (Abakan)



The article reveals the peculiarities of the terminological nomination of the Native American languages in the USA and their modern legislative status, taking into account the historical context of its formation and development, as well as modern trends aimed at abandoning ethno-cultural and socio-economic discrimination. The main attention is paid to the content of the basic laws on the Native languages of the United States, adopted in the early 1990s, to the development of their provisions at the federal and state levels at the beginning of the new century.

Keywords: language policy, language legislation, indigenous languages of the USA, language shift, sociolinguistics, minority languages.


Source in Russian


1.         Alpatov V.M. Iazykovaia politika v sovremennom mire // Nauchnyi dialog. 2013. No. 5 (17): Filologiia. S. 8–28.

2.         Garipov R.Sh. Zashchita korennykh narodov v mezhdunarodnom prave. Kazan’: Tsentr innovatsionnykh tekhnologii, 2012. 256 s.

3.         Kibrik A.A. Indeiskie iazyki / Bol'shaia rossiiskaia entsiklopediia (2005–2018). URL: (dostup 13.03.2018).

4.         Konventsiia Organizatsii Ob’edinennykh Natsii o Mezhdunarodnoi organizatsii truda “O korennykh narodakh i narodakh, vedushchikh plemennoi obraz zhizni”. URL:–en/index.htm (dostup 12.03. 2018).

5.         Skachkova I.I. Kakoi dolzhna byt’ iazykovaia politika SShA // Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. 2013. No. 4 (22). Ch. 1. S. 185–188.


Source in English


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  4. 9. Klug К. Native American Languages Act: Twenty Years Later, Has It Made a Difference? (18.07.2012). URL:
  5. McCarty T.L. Language Planning and Policy in Native America: History, Theory, Praxis. Multilingual Matters, 2013. 304 p.
  6. Minnesota Indian Affairs Council. Report to Governor and the Minnesota State Legislature (November 15, 2014). URL:
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  8. Wiley T. Policy considerations for promoting heritage, community and Native American languages // T. McCarty, S. May (Eds). Encyclopedia of Language and Education. Springer International Publishing AG, 2017. Р. 241–254.